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Show 2 Answers (Answer provided by Guinevere Liberty Nell)
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I have not read any, however Marx often preempted critics through the way that he phrased and developed his ideas - as "scientific" (and hence not open to critiques of religious or spiritual ideas) and as materialistic, i.e. based on material reality. He engaged in debates on atheism (already the term used), critiquing Fauerbach for remaining in "the realm of ideas" and saying that atheists were not so much wrong as they were missing the point, because: "Marx saw Atheism as associated with crude communism and sought to transcend Atheism by revolutionising the social conditions which create the need for people to believe in God, rather than atheistic polemics against belief in God. " There is much more on this topic where that quote comes from: (the entry on atheism) Of course, there may be critics I am unaware of, who did critique him on these grounds. Please share anyone, if you know of any!

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Isn't it a bit off taking these quotes from such a young Marx, especially since these manuscripts were not published during Marx's lifetime? In later Marx, especially Capital, you do see some spiritual sounding language, but it seems like it is more for the purpose of metaphor and conveyance of ideas.

I apologize for not replying to this comment (I never got notification perhaps because it appears as a reply to the other comment, not as a new question?). I agree that the language in Capital is "for the purpose of metaphor and conveyance of ideas." This is because Capital is about capitalism not about the future society, socialism and then communism, which Marx wanted to see and believed to be inevitable - with the help of the workers. The quotes here are to help convey this promised future society which Marx did write about his entire career, and tried to help bring about through revolutionary activity. I do not think that they are merely young Marx or unpublished works that I have quoted--Critique of the Gotha Programme is one of Marx's most quoted texts and one of his last, and was has always been supported by his followers--and there are many other sources that can bolster the essence of this Marx. But how spiritual you take Marx is a matter of interpretation, and some of his followers have take his ideas more that way than others--one's spiritual interpretation is highly personal and subjective, no matter the textual/ideological/philosophical foundation for it.

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