Course

Monopoly

Instructor: Alex Tabarrok, George Mason University

This is " Maximizing Profit Under Monopoly " from our Principles of Economics: Microeconomics course. AIDS has killed more than 36 million people worldwide. There

This is "Maximizing Profit Under Monopoly" from our Principles of Economics: Microeconomics course.

AIDS has killed more than 36 million people worldwide. There are drugs available to treat AIDS, but the price of one pill is incredibly high in the U.S. — coming in at 25 times higher than its cost. Why is that? In this video, we show how patent rights have created a monopoly in the U.S. market for AIDS medication, causing pills to be very expensive. In other countries, however, such as India, which does not recognize patents on AIDS medication, prices remain low. Using this example, we go over how monopolies use market power to increase prices.

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