See discussion question below from Professor Guinevere Liberty Nell.

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Show 1 Answer (Answer provided by Guinevere Liberty Nell)
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The "political transition period" as described by Marx and Lenin, in which they concede the need for a dictatorship of the proletaiat, and the need for a transition in general, is one of the key issues in both the theoretical and practical realms. 

 

Is it an issue of 'suppression', as you put it? You argue that democracy was reduced instead of increased because "Lenin suppressed farmers and other individuals of proletariat class" -- indeed this may be a core part of transition and of the potential trouble with succeeding in bringing the new society, because it is the issue of not finding unity, of overcoming opposition, and the society envisioned by the Bolsheviks seems to depend upon unity in many ways and for many reasons. However, this may be a problem without a clear solution -- just as scarcity may never be overcome (so long as time is finite, for example), there may also always be some amount of opposition or dissent (which is probably a good thing!)

 

This relates to your second question. You say, "could there possibly still be an indirect state (that is left after state withered away) that still does or is able to suppress the members of society through violence. Or even through laws as the society and culture of the society changes throughout time? or will there be no laws under the higher phase of communism?"

 

Again, there may always be dissent - people are both social and individual, and even if culture and nature change in the new society, we will likely retain enough individuality for there to be conflict and dissent from even a wonderful collective society. The other problem is that to get to the place where there is a glorious new society with the enlightened self-interest that *most* of the people will want to go along with, the transition period may be necessary - this is what the Bolsheviks argued - which requires planning and legal enforcement and suppression of dissent - but this in itself may in turn cause conflict and increase the dissent and reduce the progress of the transition process.

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