Conditional Cash Transfers
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In Chile conditional cash transfers has started to implement just a couple of years ago. The program is called "ingreso etico familiar" (faliliar ethic income) who cosnsist in cash transfers to a family conditioned they comply with certain requisites as the mentioned in the lecture. This program is aimed to the 170.000 families on extreme poverty and can be reviewed her http://www.gob.cl/especiales/ingreso-etico-familiar-2/ (in spanish). The program has pluses and minuses. Is much better than the old system of assistantship where the beneficiaries was mostly political connected people and even the same government officers in charge to distribute the benefits. The scandal with former governments was so high that led to a complete remake of the register to benefit to "real poor" and not political contacted people, the cleansing of register was huge and it is still in progress at a big cost. The cost to prevent cheating is very high and I can not imagine how would be the situation in Mexico, in Chile has been a titanic effort and the success is not guaranteed. Is very easy for a corrupt government to transform this kind of systems into a machine to purchase votes, in Chile corruption perceived is very low but the problem with those systems has been huge. I really doubt on the convenience of those programs, but I recognize that are better than the old method to give subsidies arbitrarily. The big problem of those systems is that all they create/increase corruption and mis use of public money.In Chile we have experience that there are no substitute for a job post. Subsidies only work in a very, very focused and small group of people (older, sick, handicapped, etc.)
The Progresa concept is interesting because in theory, payment plans for medical procedures could serve an invaluable purpose.